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Attending court

Relevance: 100%      Posted on: 4th October 2015

A sample Child Arrangements Order Appeals Court Bundle Court etiquette Do I need a solicitor or barrister? Explaining the legality of a child arrangements order Family mediation Hearings in the Family Court Legal aid for family matters Litigation Friends Litigants in person Parenting plans Preparing for a family court hearing Seeking costs in court The role of Cafcass The welfare checklist  Type of family law orders Scott Schedule Use of recordings Who's who in the family court Witness Statements Writing a position statement Signposting list

Seeking costs in court

Relevance: 99%      Posted on: 9th June 2016

This page explains the process of family mediation, when mediation is necessary and the expected standards of a family mediator.

Explaining the legality of a Child Arrangements Order

Relevance: 99%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

What is a Child Arrangements Order? A Child Arrangements Order is an order that regulates with whom a child is to live, spend time or otherwise have contact, and when a child is to live, spend time or otherwise have contact with any person.  Each Child Arrangements Order is decided on the circumstances of the individual family and on what is in the best interests of that particular child. This means that there is no such thing as a ‘usual’ arrangement. Child Arrangements Orders are governed by section 8 of the Children Act 1989. For information on applying for a…

Variation and discharge of an order for contact or residence

Relevance: 98%      Posted on: 30th July 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to vary or discharge a Contact Order or Residence Order (granted prior to 22.04.2014) or Child Arrangements Order if the terms are no longer in the child's best interests.

Who’s who in the Family Court

Relevance: 97%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

Judge A judge is the person who presides over (deals with) the proceedings. In the Family Court there are three levels of judges who are likely to hear your case. These are: Judges of the District Judge level – these are the judges that hear most family law cases. Judges of the Circuit Judge level – these judges are allocated cases which are considered to have additional complexity. They can also deal with some appeal cases. Magistrates – magistrates are ‘lay’ people from the community who have been recruited and trained to hear cases. They will not usually have a…

Enforcement of an Order for contact or residence

Relevance: 97%      Posted on: 30th July 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to enforce a Child Arrangements Order, a Contact Order or a Residence Order if one party has acted in breach of its terms.

Court etiquette

Relevance: 95%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

How to dress for court hearings When dressing for court keep your clothing smart and simple. A list of potential clothing items to wear: Trousers Skirt Smart top or blouse Suit – tie is optional Smart shoes Unless there is a very good reason (for example because of a health condition) it is probably best to avoid wearing the following in court: Trainers Jeans Tracksuit Hat Sunglasses Remember to turn your phone off to ensure it does not ring during proceedings. How to speak to judges Be clear, respectful and polite. The party who has made the application to court…

Preparing for a Family Court hearing

Relevance: 95%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

The preparation will often be dependent on the type of hearing and the specific circumstances of the case in question. However, there are some general tips which can help a litigant in person prepare for an upcoming Family Court hearing. Appropriate arrangements for children It is not advisable to bring children to court and therefore parties should try to make alternative childcare arrangements. Court location Parties will often be required to attend the court 30 minutes or 1 hour in advance of the time that the hearing is listed to start. You do not want to be rushing around or…

Hearings in the Family Court

Relevance: 95%      Posted on: 15th September 2015

This page explains the different types of hearing that you might have in private family law cases, including the First Hearing Dispute Resolution Appointment, fact finding hearings and final hearings.

Court Bundles

Relevance: 94%      Posted on: 19th July 2018

Court bundles are an integral element to family court proceedings as they contain a great deal of information that relate to a particular dispute. This information page will provide further advice on what the bundle is, who is responsible for preparing the bundle, what should be included in the bundle and the timetable for preparing and lodging the bundle.  What is a court bundle? Practice Direction 27A of the Family Procedure Rules provides guidance on court bundles.   A court bundle is a folder(s) which contains copies of all the documents which are considered relevant to a court case.  How should…

A sample Child Arrangements Order

Relevance: 94%      Posted on: 15th September 2015

This page has a sample of an order that can be issued setting out contact and living arrangements for children and an explanation of the contents and terminology used in an order.

Special Guardianship Order

Relevance: 94%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to become a Special Guardian for a child as well as how to discharge or vary a Special Guardianship Order.

Locating a child

Relevance: 18%      Posted on: 24th November 2015

This page provides information on how to make an application to locate a child whose whereabouts are unknown, and the powers of the court to disclose this information.

Christmas Holidays FAQ

Relevance: 18%      Posted on: 14th December 2017

This page provides answers to FAQ's regarding Christmas Holidays and the family law issues which are particularly relevant at this time of the year.  Are the family courts closed over the Christmas holidays?  Crown Courts, County Courts and the Royal Courts of Justice will close over the Christmas period on: Monday 24 December 2018 Tuesday 25 December 2018 Wednesday 26 December 2018 Tuesday 1 January 2019 Some emergency courts may operate over the holiday. See court and tribunal finder for details. In the case of there being no court order in place, what should the arrangements be for residence/contact over the Christmas…

The role of Cafcass

Relevance: 13%      Posted on: 15th September 2015

This page explains the role of the Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service in the court process, including the safeguarding checks that they carry out and explaining section 7 reports.

Supervision orders

Relevance: 13%      Posted on: 2nd March 2018

This page provides information on the powers of the local authority to take action to protect a child under a Supervision Order. What is a Supervision Order? A Supervision Order imposes a duty on the local authority to ‘advise, assist and befriend’ the child. It may require a child to live in a specified place, do certain activities and report to a particular place at a set time. A supervision order can last for one year, and may be extended yearly to a total of three years. It will last until the child reaches the age of 18, unless discharged…

Consent Orders

Relevance: 13%      Posted on: 25th June 2018

This information page provides advice on the subject of 'consent orders' which are used in the family court as a means to formalise an agreement which has been reached. This page will explain in further detail what a consent order is, how to apply for a consent order and what to expect of the court process.  What is a Consent Order?  It is often the case that parents will reach an agreement regarding contact and residence. However, informal agreements are not automatically legally binding and therefore there are limited means of recourse if the opposing parent acts in breach of…

Testamentary Guardianship

Relevance: 12%      Posted on: 8th December 2016

This page explains how, in law, a person can be appointed to act as a guardian for a child in the event of a parent’s or a carer’s death.

Appeals

Relevance: 12%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

When can you submit an appeal? You cannot submit an appeal just because you do not agree with the judge's decision. You will be required to show you have grounds to appeal the decision. Grounds of appeal You will need to show that the decision of the judge of the lower court was: wrong, or unjust because of a serious procedural or other irregularity in the proceedings in the lower court. You will need to show that the judge did not apply the law correctly, did not follow the correct procedure, or that there are other strong reasons why the…

Contact with a child in care

Relevance: 11%      Posted on: 24th June 2015

This page explains the law surrounding contact with a child who is looked after, including how to apply for contact with a child in care and what the court will consider.

Litigation Friends

Relevance: 11%      Posted on: 30th July 2018

Litigation friends are required when a person lacks capacity to participate in court proceedings. This information page will explain who can be a litigation friend, specifically which circumstances require a litigation friend to be appointed and how to apply to be a litigation friend.  Introduction An individual who is involved in court proceedings (a 'litigant') must have the capacity in order to conduct those proceedings. In other words, a litigant must be able to participate in the proceedings insofar as being capable to convey their position, complete paperwork and understand the decisions of the court.  Children under the age of…

Writing a Position Statement

Relevance: 11%      Posted on: 4th January 2018

Attending court can be a daunting prospect, especially if you are representing yourself. It is important that you are well prepared in order to fully present your case to the Court; one way of achieving this is to write a position statement. This information page will describe how to write a position statement and why it is useful to do so.

The Welfare Checklist

Relevance: 11%      Posted on: 22nd January 2018

The overriding consideration in family proceedings is the question of "what is in the best interests of the child/children?" In answering this question, the court and other professionals are guided by a criteria known as the Welfare Checklist. This page will set out where the Welfare Checklist can be found in statute and will focus on each criterion in greater detail.  Where can I find the Welfare Checklist? The Welfare Checklist can be found in Section 1 of the Children Act 1989.  The Welfare Checklist Criteria 1. The ascertainable wishes and feelings of the child concerned (considered in the light of…

Parenting plans

Relevance: 11%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

What is a parenting plan? A parenting plan is a voluntary, written agreement between parents (and can include grandparents and other family members). The plan covers practical issues in relation to the children such as living arrangements, education, healthcare and finances and it aims to assist parents in resolving arrangements amicably and informally. Cafcass parenting plan Cafcass (The Children and Family Court Advisory Support Service) have produced a parenting plan template which is accessible online and accompanied by a guidance document. Of course, there are other templates which can be accessed online with a quick Google search or parents are…

Care orders

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 1st March 2018

This page provides information on the powers of the local authority to take action to protect a child who is suffering harm or at risk of suffering harm. This page focuses on the Care Orders and their implications. What is a care order? Where a child is made subject to a Care Order, the Local Authority is given Parental Responsibility and will share it with current Parental Responsibility holders, for example, the child's parents. However, the Local Authority can exercise their Parental Responsibility above that of current Parental Responsibility holders insofar as necessary to safeguard the welfare of a child. …

Public Law Care Proceedings

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 8th September 2016

This page provides information on the powers of the local authority to take action to protect a child who is suffering harm or at risk of suffering harm. 

Surrogacy

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 19th October 2017

This page provides advice on the law relating to surrogacy including the different types of surrogacy and who is regarded as the legal parent(s) of the child at the time of birth and for the future. 

Parental responsibility

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 27th May 2015

This page explains the law on parental responsibility, what this means in practice and how a person can acquire parental responsibility.

Dealing with Parental Responsibility disputes

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

Schools can sometimes find themselves in the middle of disputes between parents. This information page is to provide advice to schools on parental disputes and relevant court orders.

Dealing with Parental Responsibility disputes

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 27th May 2016

Schools can sometimes find themselves in the middle of disputes between parents. This information page is to provide advice to schools on parental disputes and relevant court orders.

Changing a child’s surname

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 29th January 2019

This information page will explain the process to change a child's name via deed poll. This includes the requirement to obtain consent and the options available if consent is not forthcoming.  What is a deed poll?  A deed poll is a legal document that proves a change of name. A person with parental responsibility for a child is able to change any part of that child's name. For example, a person with PR can change a child's forename, surname (or both), add names, remove names, and change the spelling of their name.  What is a "known as" name? It is…

Ending a Civil Partnership

Relevance: 10%      Posted on: 17th June 2016

This page provides information on dissolving or ending a civil partnership including the grounds and reasons for ending the civil partnership, how to make an application and information on the overall process.

Register and re-register a child’s birth

Relevance: 9%      Posted on: 14th August 2018

General Information Parents of a new-born child are legally required to register the child's birth in order to obtain a birth certificate and give him/her an official identity.  A child's birth must be registered within 42 days of his or her date of birth and the birth should be registered at the local register office for the area where the child was born.  Further information can be found here: www.gov.uk/register-birth Married parents Either parent can register the birth if they were married to each other at the time of the child's birth. The birth certificate will include both parent's details. …

Legal Aid for family law matters

Relevance: 9%      Posted on: 6th November 2015

This page provides information on getting help to pay for legal costs for family matters. It explains what legal aid is, when it is available and the type of help it covers. It also provides information on the evidence needed for legal aid in private disputes about arrangements for children.

Wardship

Relevance: 9%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the situation where the High Court can become a legal guardian for a child under the power of Wardship.

Travel and Relocation

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 8th June 2018

This information page provides information on domestic & international travel and relocation. It will provide advice on the circumstances which require consent to be provided in order to travel domestically or internationally with a child and the options available if consent is not provided. Introduction NOTE: This information page provides the general legal position. There are circumstances in which a court order has terms included which are specific to the case in question and contradict the general legal position explained below. Therefore, consult the court order first (if there is a court order in place) as this will take precedence. …

Adoption (non-agency)

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 17th August 2018

This page explains the legal process of non-agency adoption which involves placements that have not been arranged by a local authority or registered adoption agency. It explains who can adopt a child, what is process in order to apply for non-agency adoption and post-adoption contact.  What is non-agency adoption Non-agency adoption is the name given to adoption applications which involve a child who has not been placed with the prospective adopter by an adoption agency.  The principal categories of non-agency adoption are: Step-parent adoption (application by the partner of the parent of a child) Applications by local authority foster carers Applications…

Family mediation

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 21st May 2015

This page explains the process of family mediation, when mediation is necessary and the expected standards of a family mediator.

Divorce

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 17th June 2016

This page provides information on divorce including the grounds and reasons for divorce, how to make an application and information on the overall process.

Scott Schedule

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 20th July 2018

What is a Scott Schedule A Scott Schedule is a schedule or table which is used in court proceedings in the Family Court in order to clearly set out the allegations which are in dispute.   The Judge will make directions for parties to submit a Scott Schedule, where necessary, and this will generally be required in advance of a fact-finding hearing. A fact-finding hearing is the name given to a court hearing where the Judge will determine if certain allegations are true or false.  A Scott Schedule should be as concise as possible and focused. Allegations which are pleaded should…

Declaration of parentage

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 27th May 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to resolve a dispute about a child’s paternity including how to apply for a Declaration of Parentage stating who a child’s legal parents are.

Type of Family Law Orders

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

Private Children Law Orders Type of order Description Application form Guidance form Costs Child Arrangements Order Section 8 Children Act 1989 A Child Arrangements Order decides the arrangements for whom a child is to live with, spend time with or otherwise have contact with and when a child is to live, spend time or otherwise have contact with any person. C100 CB1 £215 Child Arrangements Order (Consent Order) If an agreement can be reached regarding the arrangements for a whom a child is to live with and spend time with then a Consent Order can be applied for. Consent Orders…

Special Guardianship

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 16th July 2015

This page explains the situations where Special Guardianship might be appropriate to secure the long term arrangements for a child living with a person other than their parent. It explains the assessment process and support available.

Addressing Domestic Abuse in schools

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 27th May 2016

This page provides information on the duties of schools to identify and tackle domestic abuse, including examples of good practice.

Police powers of protection & Emergency protection orders

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 8th March 2018

This information page will set out the law surrounding Police protection and Emergency Protection Orders which are options available to use in an emergency when a child is at risk of imminent harm. Please see the table below to find out further information.  Police protection powers/Emergency protection orders  The table below is divided into two columns - Police protection powers and Emergency protection orders. The table includes the following information: Definition Legislative context Timescales Who is able to apply? What are the effects of such powers/orders? What are the duties on the responsible authority?  Police protection powers Emergency protection orders…

Addressing Domestic Abuse in schools

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

This page provides information on the duties of schools to identify and tackle domestic abuse, including examples of good practice.

Feedback

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 16th July 2015

“ Efficient service and easy access to advice.” “ I was totally lost and you offered a clear solution.” “ Patient staff and I received all the answers I needed.” “ I have received more help than any other service so far.” “ Quick and efficient, to the point and just what I needed” “ Answered all my questions and given me multiple solutions.” “ I think that the advice I was given was brilliant and I can't thank or praise the gentleman I spoke to high enough.” “ Advice was clear and easy to understand with simple language that…

Residence

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 23rd July 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to have a child live with you including how to apply to court for a Child Arrangements Order for residence.

Residence

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the law on deciding where a child is to live including the different types of living arrangements and explaining the family court orders for residence.

Removal from Jurisdiction

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to lawfully move abroad with a child, including what the courts will consider under a Removal from Jurisdiction application.

School attendance and absence

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 26th June 2015

This page provides information about the law on school attendance and the powers of the local authority in enforcing school attendance.

Witness Statements

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 25th June 2018

This information page will provide advice on the subject of 'Witness Statements'. Witness statements are integral in setting out the evidence which a person intends to rely on during the course of family proceedings.  What is a Witness Statement?  A witness statement is a written document setting out the evidence of the person writing the witness statement. The evidence presented in the witness statement should include everything that a person intends to rely on in order to support their position.  A witness statement differs from a position statement insofar that a position statement does not contain evidence and is much…

Contact

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the law on spending time with a child when a relationship breaks down, including the different types of contact such as supervised or indirect contact and the family court orders for contact.

Contact

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 23rd June 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to get contact with a child including how to apply to court for a Child Arrangements Order for contact.

Domestic abuse

Relevance: 7%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the legal definition of domestic abuse and the legal steps that can be taken to protect a person and/or child from domestic abuse.

Legal aid if your child is at risk of abuse

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 6th November 2015

This page explains the different forms of evidence accepted for legal aid for private family law disputes when you care for a child who is at risk of abuse from the other party.

Parental responsibility

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you an unmarried father or step parent can take to get Parental Responsibility for a child including how to apply to remove Parental Responsibility.

How-to Guides

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 1st October 2015

Appealing an Education Health and Care Plan or a Statement of Special Educational NeedsBullyingClaiming against disability discrimination in schoolsComplaints against children’s servicesComplaints to schoolsContactDeclaration of parentageEnforcement of an Order for contact or residenceSEN Needs Assessments & Education, Health and Care PlansParental responsibilityRemoval from JurisdictionResidenceSchool admission appealsSchool exclusionSpecial Guardianship OrderVariation and discharge of an order for contact or residenceIf you have any issues accessing your How to Guide following purchase, then please contact the team - clas@coramclc.org.uk who will be able to assist you. 

Legal Aid for educational law matters

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 11th March 2016

This page provides information on getting publically funded legal assistance for educational law matters such as discrimination, special educational needs or judicial review. It explains what legal aid is, when it is available and the type of help it covers.

Use of Recordings

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 17th June 2019

Why do people make recordings? There are various situations where someone might feel the need to make a recording. In meetings with professionals (e.g. Children’s Services, school staff or Cafcass), parents may feel they need to have an indisputable record of what was said: The parent might be unable to read or write, have a poor memory or difficulty concentrating (e.g. when stressed or due to a disability). It can be difficult to fully participate in a meeting, when trying to handwrite or type notes at the same time. A parent may simply not want to rely on other people's…

Marriage and Civil Partnership

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 17th June 2016

This page explains the law on marriage and civil partnership. It provides information on the rights, responsibilities and obligations of parties to a marriage and civil partnership.

Section 20 accommodation

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 12th June 2015

This page provides information on the duties of the Local Authority to provide accommodation to children under the age of 16. It includes information of how the Local Authority will assess a child and the types of accommodation that can be provided.

Do I need a solicitor or barrister?

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 17th December 2015

This page provides information on the different options available when bringing a case to court, including legal aid, private representation, representing yourself, using a solicitor's unbundled services or instructing a direct access barrister.

Litigants in Person 

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 15th September 2015

This page provides information and advice on going through the court process yourself, explaining what to expect and who you can bring to court with you.

School security and banning parents from school premises

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

This page explains the law on barring a parent from entering the premises of a school including how a parent can make representations about this and the consequences of breaching a bar.

Abduction

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 19th May 2015

This page provides information on abduction and the unlawful removal of a child from the UK including how to prevent abduction, what to do if a child is abducted and how to lawfully remove a child from the UK.

Discrimination in Education

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 16th December 2016

This page provides information on what constitutes discrimination and explains the duties of education providers to not discriminate against pupils based upon protected characteristics.

General Terms and Conditions

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 8th January 2018

The Service The Child Law Advice Service is a digital first service. We have free information pages on child, family and education law on our website. Our online resources are available 24/7. If you have clarifying questions after consulting the resources available you can contact one of our telephone lines either 0300 330 5485 for education law issues or 0300 330 5480 for family and child law issues. Our telephone lines are open from Monday to Friday between the hours of 8am and 6pm. Our telephone lines are closed on bank holidays and during the Christmas period. Both lines are extremely…

School security and banning parents from school premises

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 27th May 2016

This page explains the law on barring a parent from entering the premises of a school including how a parent can make representations about this and the consequences of breaching a bar.

Family and Friends Care

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 16th July 2015

This page explains the law surrounding an arrangement where a child goes to live with a family member or friend and the obligations of the local authority to assess the carer for support and suitability.

Home-alt

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 3rd December 2015

Primary School National Offer Day is on Tuesday 16th April 2019 Please see our 'School Admissions FAQs' for further information. We also recommend our How To Guide on School Admissions for details on the appeal process.   Child Law Advice is operated by Coram Children's Legal Centre. We provide specialist advice and information on child, family and education law to parents, carers and young people. For full terms and conditions of our service please click here. Family This section provides legal information and advice on family and children law matters in England. The information ranges from private law matters which includes contact,…

A sample position/witness statement

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 15th September 2015

This page has a template of a witness statement which can be used in preparing statements to the court.

Alternatives to ending a marriage or civil partnership

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 17th June 2016

This guide provides information on the alternatives to ending a marriage or civil partnership which are annulment and judicial separation. It explains the grounds and the process.

Home

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 30th April 2015

Child Law Advice is operated by Coram Children's Legal Centre. We provide specialist advice and information on child, family and education law to parents, carers and young people in England. For full terms and conditions of our service please click here Family This section provides legal information and advice on family and children law matters in England. The information ranges from private law matters which includes contact, domestic abuse and adoption to public law matters including local authority involvement with children and child protection. Parental disputes open This section has information on the law relating to disputes about children such…

Dealing with school attendance and absence

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 27th May 2016

This page provides information on the law of attendance and the steps schools and Local Authorities can take in relation to absence.

Dealing with school attendance and absence

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

This page provides information on the law of attendance and the steps schools and Local Authorities can take in relation to absence.

Understanding home education

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

This guide aims to clarify the law on home education, in particular any procedures parents must comply with if they wish to home educate, in which circumstances home education is not permitted and services available for parents who select this option.

Advocacy

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the role of a child advocate, who can represent the wishes and feelings of children in local authority care. It explains who is entitled to an advocate and the expected standards of an advocate.

Child abuse

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 19th August 2015

This page explains the legal definition of child abuse and the obligations of Children’s Services to investigate child protection concerns. It explains the different steps that Children’s Services can take to protect a child.

Banning parents from school premises

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 6th November 2015

This page explains the law on barring a parent from entering the premises of a school including how a parent can make representations about this and the consequences of breaching a bar.

Understanding home education

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 27th May 2016

This guide aims to clarify the law on home education, in particular any procedures parents must comply with if they wish to home educate, in which circumstances home education is not permitted and services available for parents who select this option.

How-to Guides

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

What are they? How-to Guides offer additional information not found in our free information pages. They should be read alongside the information pages. How does it work? Individual How-to Guides can be bought for £2 per guide. An annual subscription, allowing access to all the How-to Guides for a period of one year, can be bought for £20. All purchases are made through PayPal. Please note that you don't need to have a PayPal account to make a purchase - using the PayPal guest option, you can pay with any standard debit or credit card. Please be aware that unfortunately…

How-to Guides purchase options (old membership options page)

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 28th May 2015

Our How-to Guides provide information that is not available elsewhere on our website. These guides provide step by step instructions on how to try to resolve your issue. Pricing You can buy an annual subscription to the Child Law Advice website for £20, which will give you access to all of our guides for a period of one year or you can buy individual guides for £2. How does it work? Annual subscriptions and individual guides are purchased through PayPal. You don't need to have a PayPal account in order to use this service - you can pay with any standard debit or credit…

Signposting List

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 24th July 2017

Below you will find a list of organisations who may be able to assist on subjects/locations that we unfortunately do not cover. Please not Child Law Advice does not take responsibility for external consent linked to from this website. 

The law on smacking children

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the law on smacking and physically disciplining children. It explains when this would amount to an offence and the possible defences to this.

Complaints against Children’s Services

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This how to guide explains the steps that you can take to make a complaint about the conduct or a decision of Children’s Services.

Information pages

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 23rd May 2015

Abduction Accommodation for under 16s Adoption Advocacy Bullying Changing a child’s surname Child abuse Child Protection and the role of Children’s Services Child Protection Case Conference and Child Protection Plans Complaints to Academy Schools Complaints to Independent Schools Complaints to Maintained Schools Complaints to Schools Contact Contact with a child in care Direct Payments Disability discrimination in education Domestic abuse Education for children out of school Family and Friends Care Family mediation Hearings in the Family Court Home alone Home education Homelessness Litigants in Person  Local Authority duties towards children Parental responsibility Private fostering Residence School admissions School attendance and absence…

Private fostering

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This page explains the law relating to the situation whereby a child goes to live with a person who is not their parent or a ‘connected person’. It explains the duties of the local authority to assess the suitability of the prospective private foster carer and provide support where necessary.

Preventing and tackling bullying

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 27th May 2016

This page provides information on the duties of schools and local authorities to prevent and tackle bullying in schools.

Preventing and tackling bullying

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 31st May 2016

This page provides information on the powers of schools to discipline their students for example the use of detention, seclusion or isolation, searching and screening students and reasonable use of force.

Home education

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 26th June 2015

This page provides information on the procedure and requirements for home educating children.

Direction off-site for the improvement of behaviour

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 13th June 2019

This page outlines the power a school has to direct a pupil off-site to receive alternative educational provision in order to improve their behaviour.  Introduction  Section 29A Education Act 2002 is the relevant legislation in this area and this states the following:  “The governing body of a maintained school in England may require any registered pupil to attend at any place outside the school premises for the purpose of receiving educational provision which is intended to improve the behaviour of the pupil.” The legislation above does reference maintained schools and not academies. However, academies do have the power to direct…

Children’s services referral and assessment

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 24th June 2015

This page explains the duties of Children's Services once a child protection referral is made. It describes the assessment process and timescales and explains possible outcomes of a child protection investigation.

Printing problems

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 2nd November 2015

  The easiest way to print a How-to Guide is to use your browser's built-in print function: choose Print from the File menu, or use the shortcut Ctrl P (Windows) Command P (Mac). Doing this will produce a special print-friendly version of the page, without all the on-screen links and page furniture, to save you both ink and paper. If you prefer, you can use the Print this guide button found at the bottom of every How-to Guide page. Formatting your prints Please make sure your paper size is set to A4 for the best results. Some operating systems default to US Letter, which may produce unwanted spacing. You can change…

Homelessness (16/17 year olds)

Relevance: 3%      Posted on: 12th June 2015

This page explains the duties of the local authority to provide accommodation to homeless young people aged 16 or 17.

Local Authorities’ duties in relation to Looked After Children

Relevance: 2%      Posted on: 22nd May 2015

This information page sets out the functions and responsibilities of local authorities under Part 3 of the Children Act 1989, which concerns the provision of local authority support for children and families. Specifically, this page will detail Local Authorities' duties in relation to care planning and placement decisions. 

Bullying

Relevance: 2%      Posted on: 9th June 2015

Bullying is a difficult experience for both pupils and their parents. It's important to know what steps you can take in these circumstances.

Email advice: Education

Relevance: 2%      Posted on: 2nd August 2017

Please complete all relevant boxes on the contact form to ensure we provide you with the correct information. We strongly recommend providing as much relevant information as possible. We aim to respond to your message within 5 working days of receipt. Please note our working days are Monday to Friday. If we suspect there are safeguarding concerns we may attempt to contact you on the phone number provided to seek further details. For more information please visit our terms and conditions If we cannot assist due to the matter being outside of our scope, we will email and state why we cannot…